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Preprints Archive: Abstract of IC2010103 (2010)

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Oxygen and hydrogen isotopic characteristics of the Kaveri river surface waters, Southern peninsular India

by Hema Achyuthan, Marzia Michelini, Somasis D. Sengupta, Vishwas S. Kale, Barbara Stenni and Onelio Flora

Document info: Pages 19, Figures 4.

We present in this paper the spatial distribution of stable isotopic composition ($/delta^{18}O$ and $/deltaD$) of Kaveri River surface waters to understand how the evaporation and precipitation affect the isotopic signature and dynamics of surface river waters. In the southern peninsular India, Kaveri River is one of the longest tropical river. Our stable isotope data indicate that the upper Kaveri region is influenced strongly by the SW monsoon. There is a narrow range between the $/delta^{18}O$ values found from the origin of the Kaveri River to its delta, and there is no significant orographic impact of the Western Ghats. A decreasing trend of d values is found along the course of the river. This is attributed to evaporation effects, which nevertheless are not very strong. This difference in deuterium excess due to evaporation is also an indication of the moisture recycling in the lower Kaveri area, which is primarily controlled by evaporation from the wetlands in the delta plain but also from the surface waters and as such from the rivers.

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